EC6011 EMIC Notes
Anna University Regulation 2013 ECE EC6011 EMIC Notes, Electromagnetic Interference Compatibility Engineering Lecture Handwritten Notes for all 5 units are provided below. Download link for ECE 7th SEM EC6011 Electromagnetic Interference Compatibility Engineering Lecture Handwritten Notes are listed down for students to make perfect utilization and score maximum marks with our study materials.
UNIT I Basic Theory
INTRODUCTION TO ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC)
Since the early days of radio and telegraph communications, it has been known that a spark gap generates electromagnetic waves rich in spectral content (frequency components) and that these waves can cause interference or noise in various electronic and electrical devices such as radio receivers and telephone communications. Numerous other sources of electromagnetic emissions such as lightning, relays, dc electric motors, and fluorescent lights also generate electromagnetic waves that are rich in spectral content and can cause interference in those devices. There are also sources of electromagnetic emissions that contain only a narrow band of frequencies. High-voltage power transmission lines generate electromagnetic emissions at the power frequency [60 Hz; 50 Hz in Europe]. Radio transmitters transmit desired emissions by encoding information (voice, music, etc.) on a carrier frequency. Radio receivers intercept these electromagnetic waves, amplify them, and extract the information that is encoded in the wave. Radar transmitters also transmit pulses of a single-frequency carrier. As this carrier frequency is pulsed on and off, these pulses radiate outward from the antenna, strike a target, and return to the radar antenna.
This text is concerned with the ability of these types of electromagnetic emissions to cause interference in electrical and electronic devices. The reader has no doubt experienced noise produced in an AM radio by nearby lightning discharges. The lightning discharge is rich in frequency components, some of which pass through the input filter of the radio, causing noise to be superimposed on the desired signal. Also, even though a radio may not be tuned to a particular transmitter frequency, the transmission may be received, causing the reception of an unintended signal. These are examples of interference produced in intentional receivers. Of equal importance is the interference produced in unintentional receivers. For example, a strong transmission from an FM radio station or TV station may be picked up by a digital computer, causing the computer to interpret it as data or a control signal resulting in incorrect function of the computer. Conversely, a digital computer may create emissions that couple into a TV, causing interference.
This text is also concerned with the design of electronic systems such that interference from or to that system will be minimized. The emphasis will be on digital electronic systems. An electronic system that is able to function compatibly with other electronic systems and not produce or be susceptible to interference is said to be electromagnetically compatible with its environment.
The objective of this text is to learn how to design electronic systems for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). A system is electromagnetically compatible with its environment if it satisfies three criteria:
1. It does not cause interference with other systems.
2. It is not susceptible to emissions from other systems.
3. It does not cause interference with itself.
Designing for EMC is not only important for the desired functional performance; the device must also meet legal requirements in virtually all countries of the world before it can be sold. Designing an electronic product to perform a new and exciting function is a waste of effort if it cannot be placed on the market!
EMC design techniques and methodology have become as integral a part of design as, for example, digital design. Consequently the material in this text has become a fundamental part of an electrical engineer‘s background. This will no doubt increase in importance as the trend toward increased clock speeds and data rates of digital systems continues.
The most important aspect in successfully dealing with EMC design is to have a sound understanding of the basic principles of electrical engineering (circuit analysis, electronics, signals, electromagnetics, linear system theory, digital system design, etc.). We will therefore review these basics so that the fundamentals will be understood and can be used effectively and correctly by the reader in solving the EMC problem.
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