CE8591 FE Notes

Anna University Regulation 2017 CIVIL CE8591 FE Notes, FOUNDATION ENGINEERING Lecture Handwritten Notes for all 5 units are provided below. Download link for CIVIL 5th Sem FOUNDATION ENGINEERING Notes are listed down for students to make perfect utilization and score maximum marks with our study materials.


  Types of boring
1.Displacement borings
It is combined method of sampling & boring operation. Closed bottom sampler, slit cup, or piston type is forced into the ground up to the desired depth. Then the sampler is detached from soil below it, by rotating the piston, & finally the piston is released or withdrawn. The sampler is then again forced further down & sample is taken. After withdrawal of sampler & removal of sample from sampler, the sampler is kept in closed condition & again used for another depth.
Features :
 Simple and economic method if excessive caving does not occur. Therefore not suitable for loose sand.
 Major changes of soil character can be detected by means of penetration resistance.
 These are 25mm to 75mm holes.
 It requires fairly continuous sampling in stiff and dense soil, either to protect the sampler from damage or to avoid objectionably heavy construction pit.
2.Wash boring:
It is a popular method due to the use of limited equipments. The advantage of this is the use of inexpensive and easily portable handling and drilling equipments. Here first an open hole is formed on the ground so that the soil sampling or rock drilling operation can be done below the hole. The hole is advanced by chopping and twisting action of the light bit. Cutting is done by forced water and water jet under pressure through the rods operated inside the hole.
In India the ―Dheki‖ operation is used, i.e., a pipe of 5cm diameter is held vertically and filled with water using horizontal lever arrangement and by the process of suction and application of pressure, soil slurry comes out of the tube and pipe goes down. This can be done upto a depth of 8m –10m (excluding the depth of hole already formed beforehand)
Just by noting the change of colour of soil coming out with the change of soil character can be identified by any experienced person. It gives completely disturbed sample and is not suitable for very soft soil, fine to medium grained cohesionless soil and in cemented soil.

CE8591 FE Unit 1 notes  Download Here

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CE8591 FE Unit 3 notes  Download Here

CE8591 FE Unit 4 notes  Download Here

CE8591 FE Unit 5 notes  Download Here

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